By default in all linux distributions the Desktop that is displayed is the contents of the folder Desktop under the home directory of the user.
If you are using a gnome desktop and using nautilus you can change this and make the contents of the your home folder be displayed on the desktop.
To do this open the terminal and type
You should see a window pop up as shown below.
In the line highlighted in the right frame of the window, check the option desktop_is_home_dir and then click on File->Quit
That should change your desktop to the home folder .