Search

Creating proc read and write entry (linux kernle 4.6)

In the post "Creating a read write proc entry in kernel versions above 3.10" we saw how to create a read and write proc entry in the kernel version 3.10 and above. There is a slight modification to creation of proc entries, and here is a code that has been tested in 4.6.

We can create a proc entry using the function



Where:

name: The name of the proc entry
mode: The access mode for proc entry
parent: The name of the parent directory under /proc
proc_fops: The structure in which the file operations for the proc entry will be created.

For example to create a proc entry by the name "hello" under /proc the above function will be defined are

For example to create a proc entry by the name "hello_write" under /proc the above function will be defined are



Now we need to create file_operations structure proc_fops in which we can map the read and write functions for the proc entry.



Next we need to add the functions read_proc and write_proc which will give write data to the proc entry and then read data from the proc entry.

The write function will recieve data from the user space using the function copy_from_user into a char pointer "msg".



Thus the write function will look as below.



Once data is written to the proc entry we can read from the proc entry using a read function, i.e tranfer data to the user space using the function copy_to_user function.

The read function can be as below.



The creation of proc entry and the intialization of the msg pointer can be done in a function create_new_proc_entry.



The create_new_proc_entry will be called in the init function.



The proc entry that was created will be removed in the exit function using remove_proc_entry.



Thus the full code for creating a write proc entry looks as below.

proc_rw.c



The makefile for the compilation of the modules are



Compile and load the module using



To test the proc entry let us first write data into the entry

Now we can read the data back



We can see that the message that we wrote into the proc entry, the same data is being displayed when it is read. The data will remain as long as it is not overwritten by new data.


Launch a terminal with random text color every time

We can set the color of the prompt using the print statement as given in the following link.

Using this info, we can create a script that will set the prompt to a random color every time we open or launch the console or terminal.



The variable $RANDOM will generate random numbers and "%" will ensure that the number will remain below 7, ensuring that the variable color will have only numbers between 30 and 37, which are the numbers of the console colors.

To make this piece of code run every time we open the terminal or console, we can add it to the file .bashrc of the user. So open the .bashrc and enter these two lines at the last and save it.

Remember, do not edit any thing in .bashrc unless you are not sure of what you are doing as it might make launching console difficult if you do wrong changes.


Create animated 2017 on the linux terminal

In the post " " we created 2017 on the terminal. Here is a small extention to the same, to make it appear on character at a time giving it the effect of an animation.



Save the script as animated_2017.sh and run it in the terminal

You should see 2017 appear one character at a time on the terminal.

Follow by Email